In 1397 Timur-i-lang obtained the intelligence that the Tughlaq Sultanate in India was on the decline. After the destruction the Southern Alliance of Mir Hussain (whose grandfather, Amir Qazaghan of Balkh was a great backer of Mohamed bin Tughlaq and Firoz Shah Tughlaq) and the conquest of Balkh by Timur, the Tughlaqs lost the backing of the Southern Alliance and the buffer provided by this alliance against the Central Asian Khanates. As a consequence the Kokhars of the Salt Range under Raja Jasrat led a massive rebellion against Mahmud Shah Tughlaq. In South India too, the Tughlaq armies were repulsed by the Hindu revival, and the local Islamic governors of Bijapur, Golconda and Ahmednagar broke free from Delhi. Turkic chieftains in Bengal, Gujarat and Avadh also crowned themselves local Sultans. The Rajput chief Rai Dalachandra liberated himself from the Tughlaqs and took the forts of Bhatnair and Loni on the…
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|He is worse than assassins, the ruler who harries his citizens,
and indulges in unjust acts.
|The extortion and graft done wielding the sceptre
is no different from robbery done pointing a spear.
|The ruler who doesn’t assess and administer justly, day after day,
will let his state rot day by day.
|The king who lets his sceptre tilt towards tyranny
will lose all his wealth, people and state.
|The tears shed by citizens subjected to intolerable grief
are the weapons that erode the rulers’ wealth.
|Just rule yields lasting fame to a ruler;
no justice, no fame.
|Just as lack of rain is to the world, so is
to mankind – rulers’ lack of benevolence.
|Being wealthy is worse than being poor,
under an unjust ruler.
|If the king lets his sceptre of justice waver,|
the skies won’t yield and monsoons…
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|Truth is defined as
speaking words that cause no harm.
|Even a lie will be placed on par with the truth,
if it yields unblemished benefits.
|Do not lie consciously; once you lie so,
your own conscience will sear you.
|One who, guided by his heart, lives without lies,
will forever live in the hearts of all.
|One who tells the truth, with all his heart, is ahead of those
who do penance and charity.
|No other fame equals not lying; without any physical strain
it yields all virtues.
|Not lying, not lying, if practiced, makes it acceptable
not to do, not to do other righteous deeds.
|Not lying, if practiced unfailingly, makes it worthwhile
to refrain from not doing the righteous deeds.
|Water ensures cleanliness externally;
truthfulness makes inner purity evident.
|External cleanliness is brought about by water; inner…|
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If one wishes not to be tormented by painful reactions,do not harm others.
Never forget your ties with a flawless person; never forego the friendshipof those who stood by you during a distress
Source: Chapter 11 : Gratitude
Division I : Aram (Righteousness) Chapter 1 : Invocation Chapter 2 : Glory of Rain Chapter 3 : Glory of those who have relinquished Chapter 4 : The power of righteousness Chapter 5 : Family life Ch…
Before heading to Mauritania (a country it’s fair to say I knew very little about) a quick rummage around the World Wide Winifred told me a few interesting facts that I needed to know and also threw up a couple of things of interest that I didn’t need to know, but I’m glad I did.
One of these was the above named feature, also known as the Eye of Africa.
Only really visible from high altitude, when it was first seen by the early astronauts, it was thought to have been the result of a meteor impact, but studies have found no proof. The clever geologist types now believe it to be a natural feature, that once held water and has eroded over time.
I’d seen a few satellite pics of it, but when I realised I was going to spend a bit of time in Ouadane, I…
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